#1 Must Learn Digital Skill for the Future of Work - Web Development

It doesn't matter if you're new to the internet or a long-time user; chances are you've already heard about either JavaScript, HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). Together they make up the foundation of web development, and one of the highest paying and most in-demand job fields, and the number one digital skill to learn for the future job market.

Essentially every business utilizes the open web and internet daily and maintains a web presence. Web developers are the ones working behind the scenes to make that happen.

When it comes to development and learning programming languages, it's pretty understandable to feel intimidated. After all, professionals take years of formal education to learn about computer coding. 

But the thing is, web development isn't really that hard, and you don't need a full-on tech background to learn it. Programming is one of those things that you can never master, only continue to learn and adopt new technologies.

Once you learn the basics of web development, you can play, experiment, and create practically anything you want online.

So where do you begin?

Learning web development fundamentals is the best place to start a career in tech, marketing, and many other industries. It's as close to an essential skill inside virtually all businesses, as well as for freelancers and entrepreneurs.

In this article you'll find everything you need to know about web development, including where to learn web development and how to learn JavaScript, HTML, and CSS at your own pace and on your own time.

What are the 3 fundamental skills to learn to become a web developer?

The 3 thing you need to learn to be a web developer


The 3 skills you will need to learn to be able to create and develop websites are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

  1. HTML (HyperText Markup Language) - is responsible for your web page structure
  2. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) - defines aesthetic elements like color and fonts.
  3. JavaScript - is the scripting language used for dynamic elements and properties.

Is web development easy to learn?

YES! JavaScript, HTML, and CSS are considered very beginner-friendly and super easy to learn.

How long does it take to learn the fundamentals of web development?

You can be well on your way with basic web development in only a matter of hours.

Using the top rated web development resources online, you can go step-by-step from beginner to advance at your own pace, as fast or slow as you're comfortable.

Some examples of how you can use web development skills in a very short period of time:

  • Custom designed blog pages/templates.
  • Build your own online presence like a professional resume site or personal portfolio.
  • Improve your design capabilities beyond Photoshop.
  • Make eye-catching, effective corporate newsletters and emails..
  • Launch your own online business or serve others as a freelancer.

So what exactly are the functions of JavaScript, HTML, & CSS for developing websites?

What does HTML and CSS do? 

HTML is used to interpret content and structure on a web page, and CSS is responsible for the layout, design, theme, style, etc. 

Simple enough? We could say HTML is responsible for displaying the words, and CSS is responsible for the appearance & colors. Let's dive a little deeper and learn more about the basics below. 

What exactly is HTML?

HTML, short for "HyperText Markup Language," is the standard markup language responsible for creating web page structure and determining how the elements should be displayed.

"HTML is used to interpret content and structure on a web page"

Contrary to popular belief, HTML is NOT a programming language because there's no programming logic behind it. It's a markup language. This means HTML allows you to "mark up" the data you have within HTML tags. Your browser reads those tags and, within it, determines which part of the content is your title heading (title tag), paragraph/body text, etc.

HTML is the first foundation of a website, used often by web developers, marketers, entrepreneurs, and at both big and small businesses. Without HTML you couldn't have a functional website.

Where do you use HTML?

Even if HTML is not a programming language, programmers encounter it everywhere. HTML has impacted everything you see on the internet, and learning these skills gives you the ability to pursue careers in many industries. 

Here are some areas where HTML is commonly applied:

  • Web development. This is the most basic application of HTML. From developing your web pages to creating your web documents, HTML (and CSS) dominate.
  • Navigation across the internet. HTML is revolutionary when it comes to web navigation. Going from one page to another with just a click is all thanks to HTML's hyperlink feature. 
  • Offline capability of websites. Ever wonder why sometimes, your webpages load even if you're not connected to the internet? Well, that's a nifty feature of HTML. Once your browser has preloaded a site, you can essentially access the page even if you're temporarily disconnected from the internet. That goes the same when you make a webpage available to read offline!
  • Design and themes. Websites need to be dynamic yet functional. When it comes to coming up with unique designs, and strategic elements, it requires HTML.. 

Not bad for a language that doesn't technically have programming capabilities! 

What is CSS? 

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. As the name suggests, it's function is defining the style and design elements of a web page. 

You can use CSS to change font colors and design backgrounds. 

Where is CSS used? 

The most common properties of CSS are:

  • font style
  • font size
  • text color
  • paragraph alignment
  • letter spacing
  • line height/spacing
  • border sizes/colors
  • bullet lists
  • background

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a scripting language that web developers use to create website contents that are otherwise too complicated or dynamic for HTML and CSS. 

Java is different than JavaScript—something that is commonly mistaken. Java is a general-purpose programming language that programmers use to develop applications, embedded systems, and more.

JavaScript is a scripting language that does all the heavy lifting behind the scenes for websites.

All websites have elements of JavaScript embedded into them. Those lines of code are responsible for simple dynamic website elements like animations or slideshows up to more complicated ones like autocomplete suggestions and searches. 

Where do you use JavaScript?

Basically, if you want to create a fully-functional website that does anything more than display texts and images, you will need JavaScript.

JavaScript is the real programming language behind most of the dynamic features of a website or web app. It's where your website comes to life and becomes so much more than just a colored page with words. 

What are the most common use cases for JavaScript?

  • Website interactivity. This is what JavaScript is mostly used for. You really can't build a decent website without JavaScript unless you want a single static page. (Think about the buttons and links you press). 
  • Browser-based games. How many times did browser-based games pull us out of boredom? To make those games happen, a neat bit of JavaScript is going on behind that webpage. 
  • Applications development. There's more to JavaScript than just making your websites look much more engaging. It's also used in developing mobile applications.
  • Back-end web development. While JavaScript is mostly used on front end development, you can also use this language for your back end infrastructure. It's versatile and functional enough for it to be capable as a back-end scripting language.

That's just the tip of the iceberg. JavaScript is unbelievably popular for developers and programmers. Almost everything you see on the internet has an element of JavaScript included.

10 top reasons why you should be learning JavaScript, HTML, and CSS in 2021

Now, let's get to the top 10 reasons you should consider learning web development basics JavaScript, HTML, and CSS to kickstart a tech career.

One nuisance of being in the tech industry is that you have to keep updated with everything. Technology comes and goes faster than we can learn it. It is frustrating for someone who makes a living out of it because you have to constantly learn new things to stay employed in the industry.

Learning new languages takes a lot of time, effort, and money, so you have to be smart about it. A wise career choice would involve investing in a skill that won't be obsolete in five years or so. 

That is what's great about JavaScript. Right now, it's the most popular scripting language used by professional developers.

2. Large community of developers

That historic nature of JavaScript means that there are millions of people all ages and nationalities who have knowledge in the language. This community allows for you to find resources, help, and suggestions from people who’ve struggled with every programming problem you’re bound to face.

With such a huge community around JavaScript and millions of businesses committed to its structure, it is pretty safe to assume that there will continue to be work available for these specialized developers well into the future. 

3. Considered a language of the internet

Another reason why JavaScript won't turn into a thing of the past? JavaScript is literally the language of the internet.

You don't need to look further from your web browser or your favorite sites to know that JavaScript is a useful element in today's technology. With such a wide reach in the industry, the demand for JavaScript is incredibly high. 

4. Beginner-friendly and easy to learn with no prior programming experience

Yes, you read that right. You don't need to know any coding to learn web development with HTML and CSS. 

5. Makes learning other languages easier

Basically every professional coder starts by learning HTML, CSS. This is because HTML is the most basic markup language.

While learning these skills, you interact with languages like JavaScript frequently enough to begin to pick up the syntax. 

Knowledge of these web development fundamentals is an ideal introduction to how coding works and the logic behind it. So if you want to have a career as a developer or programmer, HTML/CSS is definitely the best place to start. You'll soon move on to learning other languages like JavaScript, but HTML is a foundation that you'll find yourself coming back to in the duration of your career.

6. JavaScript has incredible versatility

People might mistake JavaScript for a one-trick pony, but that is far from reality. The scripting language is incredibly versatile and reaches far beyond just website development. 

JavaScript is definitely most popular for its web development function and the front-end / user-side abilities. A lot of professional programmers however are using JavaScript for back-end programming.

Plus, some of today's most popular games can be played through a browser thanks to JavaScript, such as Bejeweled and 2048. 

7. A competitive career with high pay and opportunity.

Of course you have to ask, does a web development career with JavaScript/HTML/CSS pay well? 

And the answer is, it absolutely does, both financially and creatively. 

Every business is going digital if they’re not already there. Demand continues to skyrocket for skilled developers in common programming languages like JavaScript... even though JavaScript has been around now for over 25 years!

Since its conception there has been a shortage of JavaScript developers. As the number of global businesses that operate online only continues to rise, it creates a highly competitive industry where people are willing to pay a premium for JavaScript skills and knowledge.

8. Three of the fastest tech skills you can acquire

Learning a new coding or programming language typically something you'd consider fast or easy. Especially if you don't have a formal education in software engineering or related fields.

When it comes to HTML, it's pretty easy. Again, HTML is technically a markup language. You're working on top of the code. Because of that, all you really need is a computer with the Notepad application to get started. It's the most basic of coding, so you don't need to have any formal educational background.

Believe it or not, you can learn HTML and CSS basics to have your own simple website up and running i hours, even if you were starting today from zero programming knowledge. 

JavaScript is the more challenging area to learn of the three, but with so many great educational resources available and mastered over the decades, now is the best and easiest time to learn web development. You can learn JavaScript, HTML and CSS basics in under 24 hours to build your own websites or portfolio.

9. You can earn extra money without making a drastic career change.

When we said that you can still reap the benefits of HTML even if you're not in the tech career, we also mean that in a financial sense.

A significant number of web developers have a day job in another field but program as a side hustle or hobby. This freelance work can significantly boost up your income. Plus, you can build up your own portfolio and experience if you want to dive deeper into a professional coding and programming career. 

Students and beginners can benefit most from learning HTML and CSS because of their ability to freelance for local businesses in exchange for experience. A little HTML/CSS is all that's needed for small businesses or entrepreneurs to update their websites. 

Hiring a professional developer for these simple tasks is often unnecessary because they are overqualified and expensive. A huge market is available for basic web developers who then graduate into more experienced roles and gain additional programming skills. 

10. It went from a nice-to-have skill to a common hiring requirement.

The hiring environment for programmers, developers, and coders is becoming more elaborate and competitive these days. 

Since the salaries are high for these kinds of positions, more employers are seeking an effective bang-for-their-buck deal with their employees. That means finding a golden goose with the right repertoire and knowledge of several coding and programming languages.

Web development used to be a useful skill to have. But now, it's becoming more of a hiring requirement.

Where to learn web development on your own time?

We've put together the best online resources to learn web development fundamentals JavaScript, HTML and CSS from the leading institutions and experts here.